Who is Satoshi Nakamoto?

Even though we might not know who he is, we know what he is doing. Satoshi Nakamoto is the inventor of the bitcoin protocol, published a paper through Cryptography Mailing List in November 2008.

He then released the first version of the bitcoin software client in 2009, and participated with others on the project through mailing lists, until finally he began to fade from the community towards the end of 2010.

Nakamoto worked with people on the open-source team, but was careful not to reveal anything personal about him, and whoever last heard from him was in the spring of 2011, when he said he had "moved to things other".

But he is Japanese, right?
It's best not to judge the book by its cover. Or actually, maybe we should do it.

"Satoshi" means "thinking clearly, smartly; wise. "" Naka "can mean" medium, in, or relationship "." Moto "can mean" origin ", or" basic ".

All of that will apply to people who set up movements by designing smart algorithms. The problem, of course, is that each word has many possible meanings.

We are not sure whether he is Japanese or not. In fact, it is rather arrogant to assume that he is actually a 'he'.

We only use it figuratively, but allow the fact that this could be a pseudonym, 'he could be' him ', or even' them '.

Does anyone know who is Nakamoto?
No, but the detective technique that people use when guessing is sometimes more interesting than the answer. Joshua Davis of the New Yorker believes that Satoshi Nakamoto is Michael Clear, a cryptographic student graduating at Trinity College in Dublin.

He arrived at this conclusion by analyzing 80,000 words from Nakamoto's online writing, and looking for linguistic clues. He also suspects Finnish economic sociologist and former game developer Vili Lehdonvirta.

Both denied being the inventors of bitcoin. Michael Clear openly denied being Satoshi at the 2013 Web Summit.

Adam Penenberg at FastCompany refuted that claim, arguing instead that Nakamoto was actually three people: Neal King, Vladimir Oksman, and Charles Bry. He found this by typing a unique phrase from Nakamoto bitcoin paper to Google, to see if the phrase was used elsewhere.

One of them, "computationally impractical to reverse," appears in a patent application made by the three to update and distribute encryption keys. The bitcoin.org domain name that was originally used by Satoshi to publish the paper was registered three days after the patent application was submitted.

It was registered in Finland, and one of the patent writers had traveled there six months before the domain was registered. They all deny it. Michael Clear also openly denied being Satoshi at the 2013 Web Summit.

In any case, when bitcoin.org was registered on August 18, 2008, the registrar actually used the Japanese anonymous registration service, and organized it using a Japanese ISP. Registration of sites was only transferred to Finland on May 18, 2011, which somewhat weakened the Finnish theory.

Others think that it is Martii Malmi, a developer who lives in Finland who has been involved with bitcoin since the beginning, and developed the user interface.

A finger has also been directed at Jed McCaleb, a lover of Japanese culture and Japanese residents, who created the troubled bitcoin exchange Mt. Gox and co-founded a decentralized payment system, Ripple, and then Stellar.

Another theory shows that computer scientists Donald O'Mahony and Michael Peirce are Satoshi, based on the paper they write about digital payments, along with Hitesh Tewari, based on the books they publish together. O'Mahony and Tewari also studied at Trinity College, where Michael Clear was a student.

Israeli scholars Dorit Ron and Adi Shamir of the Weizmann Institute revoked the allegations made in a paper suggesting a connection between Satoshi and Silk Road, a black market website destroyed by the FBI in October 2013. They had suggested a connection between the alleged address of Satoshi, and the site. Security researcher Dustin D. Trammell has that address, and denies the claim that he is Satoshi.

In May 2013, internet pioneer Ted Nelson threw another hat in the ring: Japanese mathematician Professor Shinichi Mochizuki, although he admitted that the proof was the best.

In February 2014, Leah McGrath Goodman from Newsweek claimed to have traced the original Satoshi Nakamoto. Since then Dorian S Nakamoto has denied that he knew anything about bitcoin, finally recruited a lawyer and issued an official statement about the effect.

Hal Finney, Michael Weber, Wei Dai and several other developers are among those who are regularly mentioned in media reports and online discussions as potential Satoshi. A group of forensic linguists from Aston University believes the true creator of bitcoin is Nick Szabo, based on an analysis of the Bitcoin White Paper.

Dominic Frisby, a comedian and writer, also suggested that the creator of BitGold Szabo was the most likely candidate to become Satoshi in his book, "Bitcoin: The Future of Money". The detailed analysis involves Satoshi's linguistic writing, assessing the technical skill level in C ++ and even the possibility of Satoshi's birthday.

In Nathaniel Popper's book, "Digitial Gold", released in May 2015, Popper revealed that in a meeting that rarely happened at an event, Szabo again denied that he was Satoshi.

Then in early December 2015, reports by Wired and Gizmodo tentatively claimed to have identified Nakamoto as Australian businessman Craig S Wright. WIRED cites "anonymous sources close to Wright" which provide caches of emails, transcripts and other documents that show Wright's role in the creation of bitcoin. Gizmodo cites the cache of documents originating from someone who claims to have hacked Wright's business email account, as well as attempts to interview people close to him. The idea that Wright-Satoshi's connection was nothing but a deception that had been floated by observers, even though the strong nature of the published evidence would undoubtedly trigger speculation for the foreseeable future.

Mostly, all of Satoshi's potential insists they are not Nakamoto.

So what do we know about him?
One thing we know, based on interviews with the people involved with it in the early stages of developing bitcoin, is that he thought of the system very carefully.

The coding is unconventional, according to core developer Jeff Garzik, because it doesn't implement the same rigorous testing you would expect from a classical software engineer.

How rich is he?

An analysis by Sergio Lerner, the authority of bitcoin and cryptography, shows that Satoshi mines many of the initial blocks in the bitcoin network, and that he has built a wealth of around 1 million unused bitcoins. The stockpile will be worth $ 1 billion with a November 2013 exchange rate of $ 1,000.

What is he doing now?
Nobody knows what Satoshi did, but one of the last emails he sent to the software developer, dated April 23, 2011, said, "I've moved to something else. It's in good hands with Gavin and everyone. "

Does he work for the government?
Of course there are rumors. People have interpreted the name as "central intelligence," but people will see whatever they want to see. Such is the nature of conspiracy theories.

The obvious question is why one of the three agency letters will be interested in creating crypto currencies which will then be used as an anonymous trading mechanism, which causes senators and the FBI to fight for potential terrorism and other criminal efforts. No doubt conspiracy theorists will have their views on that too.

Maybe that doesn't matter. Core developer Jeff Garzik put it succinctly. "Satoshi publishes an open-source system for purposes that you don't have to know who he is, and who he trusts, or cares about his knowledge," he said. Open source code makes it impossible to hide secrets. "The source code speaks for itself."

Besides that, it's smart to use a pseudonym, according to him, because it forces people to focus on the technology itself rather than on the personality behind it. In the end, bitcoin is now much bigger than Satoshi Nakamoto.

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